PHP 4, PHP 5
mysql_connect - Open a connection to a MySQL Server
Code Examples

     [string$server = ini_get("mysql.default_host")],
     [string$username = ini_get("mysql.default_user")],
     [string$password = ini_get("mysql.default_password")],
     [bool$new_link = false],
     [int$client_flags = 0]
): resource|false

Opens or reuses a connection to a MySQL server.



The MySQL server. It can also include a port number. e.g. "hostname:port" or a path to a local socket e.g. ":/path/to/socket" for the localhost.

If the PHP directive mysql.default_host is undefined (default), then the default value is 'localhost:3306'. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and value 'localhost:3306' is always used.


The username. Default value is defined by mysql.default_user. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and the name of the user that owns the server process is used.


The password. Default value is defined by mysql.default_password. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and empty password is used.


If a second call is made to mysql_connect with the same arguments, no new link will be established, but instead, the link identifier of the already opened link will be returned. The new_link parameter modifies this behavior and makes mysql_connect always open a new link, even if mysql_connect was called before with the same parameters. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored.


The client_flags parameter can be a combination of the following constants: 128 (enable LOAD DATA LOCAL handling), MYSQL_CLIENT_SSL, MYSQL_CLIENT_COMPRESS, MYSQL_CLIENT_IGNORE_SPACE or MYSQL_CLIENT_INTERACTIVE. Read the section about for further information. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored.

Return Values

Returns a MySQL link identifier on success or false on failure.



Whenever you specify "localhost" or "localhost:port" as server, the MySQL client library will override this and try to connect to a local socket (named pipe on Windows). If you want to use TCP/IP, use "" instead of "localhost". If the MySQL client library tries to connect to the wrong local socket, the correct path should be set as mysql.default_host in php.ini and the server field left blank.


The link to the server will be closed as soon as the execution of the script ends, unless it's closed earlier by explicitly calling mysql_close.


Error "Can't create TCP/IP socket (10106)" usually means that the variables_order configure directive doesn't contain character E. On Windows, if the environment is not copied the SYSTEMROOT environment variable won't be available and PHP will have problems loading Winsock.

Related Functions

Example of mysql_connect

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