PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8
chmod - Changes file mode

chmod( string$filename, int$permissions ): bool

Attempts to change the mode of the specified file to that given in permissions.



Path to the file.


Note that permissions is not automatically assumed to be an octal value, so to ensure the expected operation, you need to prefix permissions with a zero (0). Strings such as "g+w" will not work properly.

("/somedir/somefile"755);   // decimal; probably incorrect
chmod("/somedir/somefile""u+rwx,go+rx"); // string; incorrect
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0755);  // octal; correct value of mode

The permissions parameter consists of three octal number components specifying access restrictions for the owner, the user group in which the owner is in, and to everybody else in this order. One component can be computed by adding up the needed permissions for that target user base. Number 1 means that you grant execute rights, number 2 means that you make the file writeable, number 4 means that you make the file readable. Add up these numbers to specify needed rights. You can also read more about modes on Unix systems with 'man 1 chmod' and 'man 2 chmod'.

// Read and write for owner, nothing for everybody else

// Read and write for owner, read for everybody else

// Everything for owner, read and execute for others

// Everything for owner, read and execute for owner's group

Return Values

Returns true on success or false on failure.

Exceptions and Errors

Upon failure, an E_WARNING is emitted.



The current user is the user under which PHP runs. It is probably not the same user you use for normal shell or FTP access. The mode can be changed only by user who owns the file on most systems.


This function will not work on remote files as the file to be examined must be accessible via the server's filesystem.

Related Functions