PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8
mb_send_mail - Send encoded mail

     [array|string$additional_headers = []],
     [string|null$additional_params = null]
): bool

Sends email. Headers and messages are converted and encoded according to the mb_language setting. It's a wrapper function for mail, so see also mail for details.



The mail addresses being sent to. Multiple recipients may be specified by putting a comma between each address in to. This parameter is not automatically encoded.


The subject of the mail.


The message of the mail.

additional_headers (optional)

String or array to be inserted at the end of the email header.

This is typically used to add extra headers (From, Cc, and Bcc). Multiple extra headers should be separated with a CRLF (\r\n). Validate parameter not to be injected unwanted headers by attackers.

If an array is passed, its keys are the header names and its values are the respective header values.


When sending mail, the mail must contain a From header. This can be set with the additional_headers parameter, or a default can be set in php.ini.

Failing to do this will result in an error message similar to Warning: mail(): "sendmail_from" not set in php.ini or custom "From:" header missing. The From header sets also Return-Path under Windows.


If messages are not received, try using a LF (\n) only. Some Unix mail transfer agents (most notably qmail) replace LF by CRLF automatically (which leads to doubling CR if CRLF is used). This should be a last resort, as it does not comply with RFC 2822.


additional_params is a MTA command line parameter. It is useful when setting the correct Return-Path header when using sendmail.

This parameter is escaped by escapeshellcmd internally to prevent command execution. escapeshellcmd prevents command execution, but allows to add additional parameters. For security reason, this parameter should be validated.

Since escapeshellcmd is applied automatically, some characters that are allowed as email addresses by internet RFCs cannot be used. Programs that are required to use these characters mail cannot be used.

The user that the webserver runs as should be added as a trusted user to the sendmail configuration to prevent a 'X-Warning' header from being added to the message when the envelope sender (-f) is set using this method. For sendmail users, this file is /etc/mail/trusted-users.

Return Values

Returns true on success or false on failure.


Version Description
8.0.0 additional_params is nullable now.
7.2.0 The additional_headers parameter now also accepts an array.

Related Functions