Loads the PHP extension given by the parameter extension_filename.
Use extension_loaded to test whether a given extension is already available or not. This works on both built-in extensions and dynamically loaded ones (either through php.ini or dl).
This function was removed from most SAPIs in PHP 5.3.0, and was removed from PHP-FPM in PHP 7.0.0.
This parameter is only the filename of the extension to load which also depends on your platform. For example, the sockets extension (if compiled as a shared module, not the default!) would be called sockets.so on Unix platforms whereas it is called php_sockets.dll on the Windows platform.
The directory where the extension is loaded from depends on your platform:
Windows - If not explicitly set in the php.ini, the extension is loaded from C:\php5\ by default.
Unix - If not explicitly set in the php.ini, the default extension directory depends on
whether PHP has been built with --enable-debug or not
whether PHP has been built with (experimental) ZTS (Zend Thread Safety) support or not
the current internal ZEND_MODULE_API_NO (Zend internal module API number, which is basically the date on which a major module API change happened, e.g. 20010901)
Returns true on success or false on failure. If the functionality of loading modules is not available or has been disabled (by setting enable_dl off in php.ini) an E_ERROR is emitted and execution is stopped. If dl fails because the specified library couldn't be loaded, in addition to false an E_WARNING message is emitted.
dl is case sensitive on Unix platforms.